This article lists the Schedule 3 substances with brief descriptions. The article goes on to discuss the law surrounding possession and driving under the influence of a schedule 3 substances.
What defines a Schedule 3 Substance?
A Schedule 3 substance is a substance
- That has less potential for abuse than a schedule 1 or 2 substance
- The substance has a currently accepted medical use
- Abuse of the substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence
List of Schedule 3 Substances
- Benzphetamine: Amphetamine-like substance. Anorectic, used to promote weight loss and act as an appetite suppressant.
- Chlorphentermine: Amphetamine-group drug, appetite suppressant.
- Clortermine: Amphetamine class drug of the anorectic.
- Edrisal tabs
- Genegesic caps
- Hovizyme tabs
- Mediatric tabs
- Mediatric liquid
- Phendimetrazine: Anorectic weight loss drug.
- Special formula 711 tabs
- Thora Dex No. 1 tab
- Thora Dex No. 2 tab
- Chlorhexadol: Hypnotic-sedative.
- Glutethimide: Hypnotic-sedative.
- Lysergic acid
- Lysergix acid amide
- Methyprylon: Sedative used to treat insomnia
- Phencyclidine: Dissociative drug known as PCP, or Angel Dust
- Sulfondiethylmethane: Sedative
- Sulfonethylmethane: Sedative
- Sulfonmethane: Hypnotic drug
- Nalorphine: Opioid
- Any substance that contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid, or any salt of a derivative of barbituric acid, except those substances that are specifically listed in other schedules. Babituric acid is a parent compound of barbiturates.
- A compound, mixture, or preparation containing amobarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, or a salt of amobarbital, secobarbital, or pentobarbital, and 1 or more other active medicinal ingredients that are not listed in a schedule. All the drugs listed in this bullet point are long-acting sedative and sleep-inducing drugs.
- A suppository dosage form containing amobarbital, secobarbital, pentobarbital, or a salt of amobarbital, secobarbital, or pentobarbital and approved by the food and drug administration for marketing only as a suppository.
Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing limited quantities of any of the following narcotic drugs or their salts:
- Not more than 1.8 grams of codeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium. Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, as a cough medicine, and for diarrhea.
- Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of an isoquinoline alkaloid of opium. Dihydrocodeinone is an opiate synthesized from codeine.
- Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
- Not more than 1.8 grams of dihydrocodeine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
- Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts. Ethylmorphine is an opioid analgesic and antitussive.
- Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts. Opium is an opiate.
- Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine, or any of its salts, per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, with 1 or more active nonnarcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts. Morphine is an opiate.
- Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of ketamine, a salt of ketamine, an isomer of ketamine, or a salt of an isomer of ketamine. Ketamine is an anesthetic.
- MCL 333.7216
Possession of a Schedule 3 Substance
It is a felony to be in possession of a schedule 3 substance without a prescription. The felony is punishable by up to 2 years in prison, a 2,000.00 fine and courts costs. MCL 333.7403(2)(b)(ii).
It is against the law to operate a vehicle while intoxicated by a schedule 3 substance. The person must be under the influence of the substance to be guilty of operating while intoxicated. This means a person is not guilty simply because they have operated a vehicle with any amount of the substance in their body.
Contrast this with the law called operating with the presence of a schedule 1 substance or cocaine. All a person needs to be guilty under this law is to have “any amount” of the substance in their system while operating the vehicle. It does not matter if the person’s ability to drive was affected. With a schedule 3 substance, the prosecutor must prove that a person’s ability to operate a vehicle was substantially lessened by the drug.
Sam Bernstein is a Criminal Defense Attorney in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti.
ArborYpsi Law is located at 4158 Washtenaw Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48108.
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