When a person is arrested for driving under the influence, the person’s blood is drawn and analyzed by the Michigan State Police. The State Police are looking for alcohol and drugs. There are a lot of different kinds of drugs out there, and the blood cannot be analyzed for every single kind at once. So the blood is analyzed for a little over 50 different types of drugs. The blood will be further analyzed for other drugs only at the request of the officer who arrested the driver.
These 50 drugs could be considered the top drugs that people are under the influence of when they are arrested for a DUI. Below is a list of the drugs and a short description. They are in alphabetical order, not the order of greatest frequency.
- 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM) – This is a metabolite of heroin. The substance that remains after heroin is used and broken down in the body.
- Acetyl fentanyl – An analog of the opiate fentanyl. It is estimated to be fifteen times stronger than morphine.
- Acrylfentanyl – An opioid analgesic that is analog of fentanyl. It is slightly stronger and has a longer duration than fentanyl.
- Alprazolam – Otherwise known as Xanax, a benzodiazepine prescribed to treat anxiety.
- Amitriptyline – A prescription medicine for depression and anxiety knowns as Elavil. Not a controlled substance.
- Amphetamine – A central nervous system stimulant. Prescribed for attention deficit disorder, narcolepsy, and obesity. Adderall may be one brand name for amphetamine prescriptions.
- Benzoylecgonine – The main metabolite for cocaine.
- Buprenorphine – An opioid drug.
- Butalbital – A barbiturate often used for headaches.
- Carfentanil – An opiate painkiller that is an analog of the opiate fentanyl.
- Carisoprodol – Soma. This is a muscle relaxant.
- Chlordiazepoxide – Used to treat anxiety and alcohol withdrawal.
- Citalopram – An anti-depressant medication.
- Clonazepam – A benzodiazepine commonly used to treat seizures.
- Cocaine – A stimulant. White powder.
- Codeine – An opiate painkiler.
- Cyclobenzaprine – Flexeril – used for muscle spasms.
- Diazepam – A benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety.
- Etizolam – A benzodiazepine.
- Fentanyl – An opioid painkiller. Very strong.
- Flubromazepam – A benzodiazepine.
- Flubromazolam – A benzodiazepine. Lasts up to 18 hours, a very long time for these types of drugs.
- Flunitrazepam – Known as Rohypnol, also known as roofies.
- Furanyl fentanyl – A fentanyl analog about a fifth the strength of fentanyl.
- Gabapentin – Drug used for neuropathic pain, which is pain caused by peripheral nerve problems.
- Hydrocodone – Painkiller. Known as Vicodin ad Norco.
- Hydromorphone – Dilaudid, a painkiller.
- Ketamine – A non-opioid pain reliever. Known as a dissociative anesthetic. Along with PCP, the only two drugs on this list in the dissociative anesthetic group. This type of drug causes pain relief in a different manner than opioid drugs.
- Lamotrigine – An anti-convulsant medication.
- Lorazepam – A benzodiazepine used to treat seizures.
- MDA – An ecstasy-type drug.
- MDMA – Ecstasy.
- Meprobamate – A benzodiazepine.
- Methadone – An opioid used for opioid dependence therapy.
- Methamphetamine – Stimulant drug.
- Midazolam – A benzodiazepine.
- Morphine – Opiate painkiller.
- Naloxone – A medication used to block the effect of opioids, especially during an overdose.
- Norbuprenorphine – An opioid metabolite.
- Nordiazepam – A benzodiazepine primarily used for anxiety disorders.
- Norfentanyl – A fentanyl analog.
- Oxazepam – A benzodiazepine.
- Oxycodone – Oxycontin. Painkiller.
- Oxymorphone – Opiate painkiller.
- Phencyclidine (PCP) – Hallucinogenic dissociative anesthetic.
- Phenobarbital – A barbiturate commonly used as anti-seizure medication.
- Phentermine – An amphetamine.
- Sertraline – Zoloft, a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor.
- Sufentanil – A fentanyl analog. An opioid analgesic.
- Temazepam – A sedative used to treat insomnia.
- THC-COOH – The metabolite from marijuana.
- Tramadol – A painkiller.
- Trazodone – Sedative and anti-depressant.
- Venlafaxine – Nerve pain medication and anti-depressant.
- Zolpidem – Ambien, to help insomniacs sleep.
The majority of these drugs are either anti-anxiety type medications or fentanyl-related painkillers.
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Call Sam Bernstein at 734-883-9584 or e-mail at email@example.com.
Sam Bernstein is a Criminal Defense Lawyer in Washtenaw County.
ArborYpsi Law is located at 4158 Washtenaw Ave.